Counselling takes place when a counsellor sees a client in a private and confidential setting to explore a difficulty the client is having, distress they may be experiencing or perhaps their dissatisfaction with life, or loss of a sense of direction and purpose. It is always at the request of the client as no one can properly be 'sent' for counselling.
In the counselling sessions the client can explore various aspects of their life and feelings, talking about them freely and openly in a way that is rarely possible with friends or family. Bottled up feelings such as anger, anxiety, grief and embarrassment can become very intense and counselling offers an opportunity to explore them, with the possibility of making them easier to understand. The counsellor will encourage the expression of feelings and as a result of their training will be able to accept and reflect the client's problems without becoming burdened by them.
Acceptance and respect for the client are essentials for a counsellor and, as the relationship develops, so too does trust between the counsellor and client, enabling the client to look at many aspects of their life, their relationships and themselves which they may not have considered or been able to face before. The counsellor may help the client to examine in detail the behaviour or situations which are proving troublesome and to find an area where it would be possible to initiate some change as a start. The counsellor may help the client to look at the options open to them and help them to decide the best for them.
Counselling is very valuable for most life situations such as divorce, bereavement, redundancy etc as well as deeper issues that may have been formed in childhood and be the root of a clients’ behaviour in adulthood. There are many approaches to counselling such as humanistic, behavioural, psychodynamic or cognitive and it is not possible to differentiate totally between counselling and psychotherapy as there are many overlaps.
Counselling is a very good method of getting you a better balance in life as well as helping you to work through a life crisis or event. It is multi-faceted and extremely valuable.